To what extent are there policy convergence and/or divergence in the employment policies of Germany and the United Kingdom?.pdf

To what extent are there policy convergence and/or divergence in the employment policies of Germany and the United Kingdom?

Andrea Daniel

Essay aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Allgemeines und Vergleiche, Note: A, South Bank University London (Faculty of Art and Human Sciences), Veranstaltung: European Policy - Seminar Comparative Analysis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: After investigating the active employment measures of the United Kingdom and Germany as well as their reforms of the Employment Services since the creation of the European Employment Strategy in1997, it can be said that Germany adapted huge parts of the British system. The British set the European Employment Strategys agenda and extended their policy model to the European level. Via the European Employment Strategy, the British system significantly changed the German one from a highly protective to a liberal model. The German state transferred the responsibility for protection from employment related common risks of life to the citizens, reducing its own measures to supporting services and a mere guarantee of survival.Although this convergence of Employment Policy was caused by the European Employment Strategy, it did not contribute to the merging of a unified European Employment Policy or to a public awareness of the European Unions role in this policy area. While Germany obviously respected the European Employment Strategy as a superior guidance and treated it as a self standing European Policy, the British used it to extend the reach of their national policies. A real integration of national policies intoan EU-policy did not happen. In the United Kingdom as well as in Germany, the reforms of the employment policies have not been determined and implemented in a process of broad public participation but mostly as a top-down process, with decisions made by a professional elite. The European Employment Strategy with its set of policy methods (Open Methods of Cooperation) hadnot been able to reach its goals of a more democratic policy making and more public awareness of an independent role of the European Union in employment policy.

European and national policies for academic mobility Linking rhetoric, practice and mobility trends ACA Papers on European and national policies for academic mobility International Cooperation in Education Ferencz/Wächter (eds.) The promotion of international student and staff mobil-ity has over the past decades become a major policy objective of the European Union. Large-scale mobility Socio-economic Disparity problems and …

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To what extent are there policy convergence and/or divergence in the employment policies of Germany and the United Kingdom?.pdf

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